PRILAKU NON VOTING DALAM PEMILIHAN KEPALA DAERAH LAMPUNG TIMUR TAHUN 2015 (Studi Di Kecamatan Way Jepara Kabuaten Lampung Timur)

Suwondo Suwondo, Darmawan Purba

Abstract


On December 9, 2015 Lampung province has carried out the Local Leaders Election simultaneously in
8 Regency / City, but the number of abstainers were still high. East Lampung Leaders Election is one of
elections with the highest number of abstainers, as many as 289.351 voters or 36.42% were abstained.
This number is even greater than the votes of candidates elected which was 263.926 or 33.22%. This
fact is interesting to be seen in the context of non-voting behaviors that affect voters that they do
not vote in the election. Conceptually non-voting behavior can be mapped into 4 groups: (1) political
technical factors; (2) technical factors; (3) political factors; and (4) ideological factors. This research was
conducted in Way Jepara District by interviewing 100 respondents that were chosen through multi-stage
random sampling. In addition, the data of the research is also supported by the results of interviews
conducted to members of the Election Commission of East Lampung. The research found that 51%
of respondents enrolled in the Electoral Register were; 44% had moved before the election, 4% died
and 3% seriously ill / lost consciousness. Only 49% of respondents could be encountered in this study
and the results showed 12% of respondents did not choose because of political factors, 8.16% due to
political technical factors and 4.08% because of ideological factors. Generally, as many 37 respondents
or 75% did not vote due to technical factors, for example, one does not choose because of the conditions
and situations that hamper the voters to come to the polling stations. Some of the major indicators
are; (1) family requisite, (2) health, (3) do not remember or forget, and (4) working consideration.In
line with the evaluation results by the Election Commission of East Lampung, steps that need to be
done to improve voters participation rates in order to reduce abstained are namely: (1) improving the
population administration, (2) building an actual system of administration. (3) spreading more widely
and evenly voters education, (4) disseminating the election process long before the election day and
strengthening institutionally the organizers of local leaders election.
Keywords: local leaders elections, participation and abstained

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